Jaw Orthopedics Dentist Belgrade Dental Office
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry which is concerned with the correction of irregular arrangement of teeth as well as disproportionate jaw relationships which occur during a child’s growth and development, and later.
Correct teeth alignment is not only necessary for aesthetic reasons, but also for the prevention of periodontitis and the subsequent teeth loss and jaw joint disorders. During a child’s development it is possible to correct both dental (teeth) and skeletal (bone) irregularities and break undesired habits.
The therapy in adults is necessary as a preparation for the dental implants placement procedure, as well as the prosthetic treatment of a traumatic occlusion.
The therapy is conducted by the following means:
Removable appliances can be taken out and put on by the patient. Based on the correction mechanism, there are two main types of removable appliances:
active orthodontic appliance
functional orthodontic appliance
Active orthodontic appliance – consisting of an acrylic palate (a passive component) with wire components that are used to hold the appliance in place and to move teeth. The following is activated by their usage:
the movement of a particular tooth or a group of teeth
widening and reshaping of the jaw and dental arches
maintenance of the achieved results after the treatment with fixed appliances has been finalized
Functional orthodontic appliance – these braces activate a group of muscles which produce a force which is then transferred further to bone tissue (the upper and lower jaw), dentoalveolar area (teeth and their supporting structures) and temporomandibular joint (the joint of the jaw). In this way it is possible to influence teeth development and growth, modify the bite and eliminate irregular orofacial functions (swallowing, breathing, and speaking). They have proven to be effective for breaking the bad habits in the younger age group (such as mouth breathing, tongue thrusting and thumb sucking).
In order to produce both types of braces (active and functional one), a dentist must be visited twice. During your first visit an impression of your teeth will be taken and on the second visit braces will be applied to the teeth. In addition, care and maintenance instructions will be provided.
Fixed appliances are active non-removable braces which are glued to teeth. In comparison to removable alliances fixed ones work permanently (continually) during the therapy and the entire process depends less on a patient's collaboration. A patient can choose between metal and esthetic (made of ceramic or sapphire). Appliances can be fitted behind the teeth and these are called lingual braces. Lingual technology is not suitable for the correction of all dental anomalies in orthodontic patients.
Although there are numerous orthodontic solutions for teeth straightening, but none offers the level of comfort which could be achieved with Invisalign. During your Invisalign treatment you will be wearing a set of almost invisible aligners which will be changed every 2 or 3 weeks.
Aligners are produced specifically for your teeth. As you wear each set of aligners your teeth will start to move (0,25mm per aligner) until they reach the position decided by your orthodontist.
Patients are able to see how their teeth will be moving with the each stage of the treatment and the expected result based on the 3D image made beforehand.
The Invisalign treatment is not suitable for the correction of all dental anomalies in orthodontic patients. It is the orthodontist’s role to estimate if this technology can be applied to a particular patient.
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